Cristo La Verdad

Christ the Truth - John 14:6

Tag: Doctrine

Who or What is the Olive Tree in Romans 11?, Pt.1

This entry is part 1 of 3 in the series Grafted in


‘Replacement Theology” teaches God has no more plans for Israel & the church has  ‘replaced’ them, but this is a doctrine that’s proved wrong by many bible passages one of them found in Romans 11 which tells us that God is not yet done with Israel, even they had rejected Him.

But on the opposite side of the coin we have another kind of ‘Replacement Theology’ were some teach that in order to be saved the ‘church’ needs to be part of Israel, (in other words the church is replaced by Israel). As one of their main points they use Romans 11, which they interpret that gentile believers are grafted into ‘Israel’, and for that reason have to become like them. But this is also wrong, to see it more clearly I’m sharing this next article that contains some nice illustrations:



Written & illustrated by Brian R. Franco, used with permission


In Romans 11, Paul begins speaking to the Gentiles about their salvation, using the imagery of an olive tree and branches to explain the new life they are able to receive (and lose) with their belief (or lack thereof). The question, however, arises of “who or what is this olive tree the Gentiles are grafted into?” I’m going to present and attempt to defend the idea that Christ is the olive tree/root Gentiles are really grafted into. I’m going to do this by analyzing certain chapters, across the whole of Scripture, while explaining my understanding (with a fair amount of illustration to help visualize the ideas) of everything and how it ties together to form the basis for what I believe and why.

Romans 11

Defining Israel
The starting point for this exposition is Romans 11, which starts off as follows (I’ll be using the MEV translation for the most part, unless otherwise stated):

I say then, has God rejected His people? God forbid! For I also am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. God has not rejected His people whom He foreknew. Do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah? How he pleads with God against Israel, saying, Lord, they have killed Your prophets and destroyed Your altars. I alone am left, and they seek my life”? But what is the divine reply to him? “I have kept for Myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to Baal.” So then at this present time there is a remnant according to the election of grace. And if by grace, then it is no longer by works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace. But if it is by works, then is it no longer by grace; otherwise work would no longer be work. What then? Israel has not obtained what it was seeking. But the elect obtained it, and the rest were hardened. vv.1 – 7

Paul had just finished explaining (in chapter 10) how the Gospel has come to save all mankind. Jew or Greek, it didn’t matter; those who call upon the name of the Lord would be saved. The end of the chapter quotes Isaiah 65:2 and points out that the nation of Israel was a “disobedient and contrary people.”

Paul clarifies, however, that this does not mean a complete abandonment of God’s people. Of course, as a self-identifying Israelite (a physical descendant of the tribe of Benjamin), Paul is not trying to say that the gift of salvation has been taken away from his brothers, as he himself was graciously revealed the truth, which we all know had a profound impact on his life.

He draws a parallel with how even Elijah thought he was the “only one” of his people that was still following the Lord, which God corrected by revealing that 7,000 other men had still not fallen to idolatry. Likewise, God’s grace has allowed some of His people (Israel) to “obtain” what they sought (as did Paul) while the rest suffered a greater consequence for their rejection of the Messiah:

As it is written: “God has given them a spirit of slumber, eyes that would not see and ears that would not hear, to this very day. And David says: “Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution to them. Let their eyes be darkened, so that they may not see, and always bow down their backs.” vv.8 – 10

However, God does not allow His people to become blind out of malice, pleasure, or without cause. There was a bigger picture here, a plan:

I say then, have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid! But through their transgression salvation has come to the Gentiles, to make them jealous. Now if their transgression means riches for the world, and their failure means riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their fullness mean? For I am speaking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch as I am the apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry, if somehow I may make my kinsmen jealous and may save some of them. For if their rejection means the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance mean but life from the dead? vv.11 – 15

The plan was to expand the gift of salvation from a limited group of people (Israel) to the world (v12). A fortunate side-effect this may have on some, is to spark a jealousy among the Jews, which would hopefully draw them back to their God and save them (v14).

Before continuing, I find it necessary to establish something from Paul’s intro, before continuing forward with the actual “tree portion” of the chapter. I think the context of Chapter 10’s ending and Chapter 11’s beginning gives us a picture of something Paul mentions back in Chapter 9 (verse 6), “For they are not all Israel who are descended from Israel.”  There is a clear issue with Israel in that not everyone who is a physical Israelite is automatically a “child of the promise” (9:8), only a subset of these Israelites (the remnant) seem to partake in the blessings from their Father Abraham.

If the first portion of the dough (firstfruit) is holy, the batch is also holy. And if the root is holy, so are the branches. But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive shoot, were grafted in among them and became a partaker with them of the root and richness of the olive tree, do not boast against the branches. If you boast, remember you do not sustain the root, but the root sustains you. You will say then, “The branches were broken off, so that I might be grafted in.” This is correct. They were broken off because of unbelief, but you stand by faith. Do not be arrogant, but fear. For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will He spare you. Therefore consider the goodness and severity of God—severity toward those who fell, but goodness toward you, if you continue in His goodness. Otherwise, you also will be cut off. vv. 16 – 22

We get one final bit of imagery before we start with the the tree, and it’s simply to show a sort of inheriting property that occurs here. Paul compares a portion of dough with its batch and parallels it to the root and its branches. The root, being holy, would naturally produce holy branches. It’s an interesting and undeniable property, despite the fact that this has no bearing on whether that branch remains holy, and possibly broken off (should it lose its holiness, I’d imagine). …

Editor’s Quote: The first piece of the dough (firstfruits) describes Jesus (1 Cor. 15:23.). The “lump” or “batch” refers to the believers.


The Olive Tree
Now we start with the plant-based metaphors. We must immediately establish the elements Paul conjures up here. First off, a root. This root is holy. We switch over to a new element, leaving the root still somewhat undefined. We have some branches, and they too are holy. However, these branches have apparently been broken off, and then Paul makes the connection with the Gentiles (his current targeted audience, v13) to being wild olive shoots who are apparently a distinct set of branches as well who were grafted in among the other (unbroken) branches. We can deduce from the earlier portion of the chapter that Paul is referencing the Jews as the other (original, natural,  later on) branches. He warns the Gentiles not to boast against the Jews, because they (as branches) do not sustain the root, but vice versa. Although not directly stated, it seems quite clear that no branch sustains the root, the root sustains all the branches.

Paul goes back to what he had stated before about God’s people, Israel, receiving a sort of blindness to allow the Gentiles to rise. He parallels this by saying “the branches were broken off so that I [Gentiles] may be grafted in.” Now we must remember that it’s not as if God broke off all the branches to graft in the wild shoots. We are left with 3 types of branches:
The natural branch that remains, the natural branch that was broken off, and the wild branch that is grafted in among the first, partaking from the same root (which we’ve established, sustains all the branches). We can visualize this as so:

Now, I’ve summarized the characteristics of the elements in this chapter’s imagery to clarify some things. A natural question arises in that, being “natural” branches, wouldn’t they technically be the “same thing” as the root (i.e. why wouldn’t they be colored the same in the illustration above)? After all, a plum tree grows plum branches, and if you were going to graft a peach branch, you’d say you were grafting it into “the plum.” Similarly, it’s possible to conclude that, seeing as how Israel is the one branching out of the root, that the root is also Israel. However, I think it’s clear that the branches and root are completely different.

Root vs. Branches
For starters, we have the characteristics from the illustration above. The root:

1. Is holy (v16),

2. Is rich (v18),

3. Sustains (v18), and unlike the branches,

4. doesn’t seem to  be breakable.

Admittedly, the first characteristic is shared. However, it’s important to point out the cause and effect here (which we’ll recall is stated in v16): the only reason the branches are holy, is because the root is holy. The branches don’t obtain any sort of holiness on their own; they derive it from the root. The root, as far as we can tell, simply is holy by nature. The root provides its richness to the branches and sustains them. The branches cannot sustain themselves or the root. Considering that the (natural) branches are Israel (be it the whole nation of which most is cut off, or the remaining “true” subset known as the remnant), then it wouldn’t make sense that Israel is sustaining itself. Not only that, but we can see that the branches can be (and are) removed for their unbelief. If, hypothetically, you were to remove all the natural branches, then that would mean none of Israel would be partaking in the richness and life of the root (which continues to provide these elements). Of course, that is not the case here, but the differences between Israel (branches) and the root are too much to consider them one and the same.

I believe Romans 9-11 paints a clear picture: the nation of Israel rejected God. Through his grace and mercy, God doesn’t flat out cut off all of Israel from the promises He made but rather allows a (temporary) blindness to come upon (most of) them so that He can continue his plan of bringing salvation to the world. The illustration Paul paints in chapter 11 should solely be taken from this context. It’s a way to visualize God’s chosen people being removed from this gift (which was originally given to them) because of their rejection of the Messiah, and God bringing in the rest of the world (Gentiles) to experience the richness of life that the root provides, should they follow Christ. Israel (physical or “true/spiritual”) does not provide life, nor salvation. I feel like this is sufficiently clear simply from the verses we can see in Romans 11. However, it’s worth analyzing other portions of Scripture to see what they say. One of the obvious go-to’s is all the way back in Jeremiah, where we see yet another olive tree.

Continues . . ( Part 2)

The Church – Biblical Leadership

This entry is part 3 of 4 in the series Spritual Authority

After King Solomon’s death Israel was divided into 2 kingdoms: The northern kingdom of Israel & the southern kingdom of Judah. Both of them fall into idolatry (spiritual adultery). About 200 years latter God judged Israel & Syria conquered them. But still the Lord in His mercy was calling them to repentance.

I see the same happening today to the believers or body of Christ, falling into idolatry, following after all kind of men doctrines, in apostasy, falling away from the truth of God as was prophesied in the Scriptures about the latter days.  1 Tim, 4:1-3, 2 Thess. 2:3, etc.

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Once Saved, Always Saved?

Some Christians believe that once you are saved you will always remain saved, and that no matter what you do after that, including sinning, your salvation is still secured. Some others will add that if you sin willingly, then it is because you were never saved in the first place; even after 20 or more years of walking faithfully with God, if you fall, it means you were never really saved.

We’ll try to explain our position on this subject. We are not attacking people who believe differently, we are not questioning their salvation or attacking their character. We believe this is a very important doctrine, but we also think it is still not an issue to divide over if the person has the Foundational Doctrines right,  unless ‘Once Saved, Always Saved’ is used as a license to sin.  Sound Doctrine is very important because what we believe is going to affect our actions & way of living.

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Does God harden hearts? Pt.2

This entry is part 4 of 4 in the series Importance of The Heart

Those hardened or cut off are NOT born in this condition, but have “grown hardened” over years of rebellion , their hearts or conscience becomes dull or hardened because of continual & unrepentant sin in their lives (Acts 28:24-27, Matt. 19:8, 1 Tim.4:2, Rom.2:5, Heb 3:13).

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Examining Calvinism, Pt. 3 – Sovereignty & Hyper-Calvinism

This entry is part 3 of 3 in the series Calvinism

i. Our first parents, being seduced by the subtlety and temptation of Satan, sinned in eating the forbidden fruit. This their sin, God was pleased, according to His wise and holy counsel, to permit, having purposed to order it to His own glory.

II. By this sin they fell from their original righteousness and communion with God, and so became dead in sin, and wholly defiled in all the faculties and parts of soul and body.   – Westminster Confession of Faith, Chapter 6 (Calvinist Catechism).

John Calvin regarding the lost : “it was his good pleasure to doom to destruction” (Institutes of the Christian Religion, III:xxi,7.)

But the Word of God says:

“For I have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the Lord GOD: wherefore turn yourselves, and live ye.” Eze. 18:32,–  Ezekiel 33:11

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Examining Calvinism, Pt. 2 – Election

This entry is part 2 of 3 in the series Calvinism

Romans 9:12-13: “It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.

Calvinists teach that Romans 9:13 proves that Jacob was predestined by God, to heaven and Esau was predestined by God, to hell even before they were born.  But this isn’t true!

This a more complex chapter (needs more biblical historical background for the proper context) & could be a difficult passage for some to understand it well. Unfortunately Calvinists use this chapter 9 to convert people to Calvinism, to convince them of their view on predetermined election, & even use it on the unsaved people or babes in Christ who still don’t understand Bible doctrine properly, causing confusion to many.

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Examining Calvinism in light of Scripture, Pt. 1

This entry is part 1 of 3 in the series Calvinism

We understand Calvinism is a divisive and controversial issue, but we believe it must be faced because it is growing, and affects the Gospel of Salvation and the very Person of God. Brushing it under the carpet has made the problem worst with time. And as some Reformed have recognized ‘What could be more relevant to the Gospel than how sinners are saved? ‘

What makes things more difficult, is that we know there are many nice, God loving & sincere people involved in this religious system, a lot of them get in it by default, thinking they need to choose between Calvinism or Arminianism. But they don’t have to follow any men’s doctrine, just Jesus Christ & His Word. Many that follow this doctrine don’t even know who was John Calvin, or haven’t read his writings.

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There Is No Other Gospel

This entry is part 2 of 5 in the series Importance of Doctrine

There can be no Gospel  message or preaching without the story of the sacrifice of Christ as the Redeemer of mankind. But something has happened to the integrity of the Gospel of Christ over time, it has become diluted, twisted, contaminated, etc.

We will find the true gospel in the Scriptures. The following verse is called the ‘Gospel in a nutshell’:

Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain. For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures 1 Corinthians 15:1-4

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The Importance of Sound Doctrine

This entry is part 1 of 5 in the series Importance of Doctrine

We see today a constant attack against Christ’s doctrine. A growing number of people, especially among proponents of the ecumenical movement & emergent church movement, are now saying: “Doctrine divides, experience unites” or “Doctrine is not important. Let’s lay aside our doctrinal differences and let’s unite.” It sounds nice but sadly is not biblical.

 Is sound doctrine important?  Is truth important?  Of course it is!

Sound doctrine is teaching that agrees with the Bible. When the Bible speaks of sound doctrine, it speaks of absolute truth as laid down by God in His Word.
The word doctrine means instruction, teaching. Noah Webster’s Dictionary defines doctrine as: “That which is laid down as true by an instructor or master.”

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Spiritual vs. Carnal

“And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, even as unto babes in Christ. . . .For ye are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying (G2205 = Jealousy), and strife (G2054= contentions ), and divisions (G1370= dissension, division, sedition ), are ye not carnal, and walk as men? For while one saith, I am of Paul; and another, I am of Apollos; are ye not carnal Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers by whom ye believed, even as the Lord gave to every man? . . .   Therefore let no man glory in men. For all things are yours; whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come; all are yours; and ye are Christ’s; and Christ is God’s. 1 Corinthians. 3:1-23

This bible verse is often misinterpreted. When reading it, at simple view, it may seem to some like Paul is saying division among Christian denominations is carnal. Some go as far as to accuse their brethren of being carnal just because they expose false doctrines or false teachers, not realizing they are the ones acting in a carnal way.  Others even say that Peter (Cephas) is the founder of the Catholic church & for that reason we should accept this denomination as part of the body, otherwise it would mean we are carnal.

But Peter was not the founder of the Catholic Church, nor the first pope nor the rock. He was named pope by the Vatican hundreds of years after the apostle Peter had passed away. Moreover the Catholic church doesn’t teach the same doctrine that the apostle Peter taught. . .but this is another topic for another time. Let us study a little more about the bible verse above.

We cannot emphasize enough how important is to study & read the bible  in context, taking verses out of context causes confusion & division among believers, it does much harm to the gospel & to the body of Christ. Taking verses out of context means we are not rightly dividing the word of truth (2 Tim.2:15), it shows we need to study the bible more deeply (specially before becoming teachers of the Word), it also may indicate spiritual immaturity.

It is normal for young believers to be carnal or fleshly. Spiritual maturity doesn’t happen over night, it requires time, it requires submitting to the Holy Spirit and knowledge of the Word of God. However Paul’s admonition reveals that he felt the believers at Corinth should have grown but they had failed to do so, they were still walking in the flesh.

The apostle Paul was writing his concerns to the church of Corinth after hearing there were divisions & strife (carnality or works of the flesh) among them.

This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the fleshFor the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law.

Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance (G2054= contentions ) emulations (G2205= Jealousy), wrath, strife, seditions (G1370= dissension, division, sedition ), heresies (G137), envyings (G5355), murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.  Galatians 5:16-20

We notice in this verse of Galatians about work of the flesh, that the apostle Paul used exactly  3 of the sames words he said to the Corinthians.  Divisions, Jealousy and strife are not the only signs of fleshiness, but these were some of the most evident among the Corinthians.

The fruits we should look in the church, mainly in teachers & leaders are the fruit of the Spirit, not how big their ministry is, or how many people they reach, nor how many books they wrote, etc. Instead, how much they love the sheep, are they protecting them from false doctrines, serving even the least of them, or are they using them for personal gain? are they following Christ example?

The spiritual man is led by the Holy Spirit and will manifest the Fruit of the Spirit, and the main one is love. 1 Cor. 13

The spiritual man is led by the Holy Spirit and will produce the Fruit of the Spirit

The Corinthians probably thought of themselves as spiritual people, but their strifes showed that they were in fact fleshly. The problems they were having in their human relationships showed there was something wrong in their relationship with God also. It was evidence of carnality, of a fleshly way of thinking and living.

We humans have a tendency to make idols. In idolatry we put something or someone, usually a gift from God, in a place of value that takes the first place owed to God alone, the gift Giver.

What caused the strife & dissensions among the Corinthians?

They were following men, leaders, teachers. It seams they were getting too attached to the person through whom they came to believe in Christ, or may be some were looking for the most anointed or the greatest teacher to follow him.

. . .that every one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ.  Is Christ divided? was Paul crucified for you? or were ye baptized in the name of Paul? 1 Cor. 1: 10-13

They got their eyes off the Lord and on the Lord’s servants, and this led to competition. This behavior of following men is common in many Christian churches today,  it’s known as ‘Cult of Personality’. Followers of men identify themselves with their leaders rather than with God. In this case they even said I’m of. . . like they belonged to them.

Paul calls these carnal Christians brethren, (they are not unsaved/natural man like 1 Cor. 2:14) but they are not behaving like spiritual Christians either, rather they are behaving like carnal people- that is, fleshly -people, like immature Christians or babes in Christ.

We know Paul was apostle to the gentiles & Peter apostle to the Jews (Gal. 2:7) but one in Christ, & they where great teachers of the Word of God, but we may not know that Apollos was also a great teacher, specially among the converted Jews:

And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus. This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John. And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue: whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto them, and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly. And when he was disposed to pass into Achaia, the brethren wrote, exhorting the disciples to receive him: who, when he was come, helped them much which had believed through grace: for he mightily convinced the Jews, and that publickly, shewing by the scriptures that Jesus was Christ. Acts 18: 24-28

Apollos was a converted Jew who worked for the Lord, mainly in Ephesus and the province of Achaia which capital was Corinth. It is understandable that some may liked his teachings, he was eloquent & mighty in the Scriptures, but the problem was when many were taking this favoritism to a point where it was causing division among members of the same church.

The division in Corinth that Paul addressed (1 Cor. 3) was NOT DOCTRINAL, all of these teachers mentioned were teaching the same doctrine, the same gospel, the same Lord Jesus. They didn’t have different denominations, for that reason is not talking about unity among denominations. Besides accepting a different doctrine would be a contradiction and there are not contradictions in the Word of God, there is only lack of information on our part or we are taking verses out of context.

Teachers & doctrines (teachings) go together, hand in hand. That’s the reason the bible warn us about false prophets & teachers, because of their false doctrines. How can God tells us in His Word to avoid them which cause divisions and offenses contrary to the doctrine we learned (Romans 16:17-18), or tell us heresies are works of the flesh, to later tells us we are carnal/fleshy if we avoid them?  that would be a terrible contradiction, it wouldn’t make any sense. For this & many other verses we find in the bible, we know God want us to teach & guard sound doctrine.

For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision: whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre’s sake. This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith; not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth. Titus 1:10-14

“For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse (G1294= distort, corrupt ) things, to draw away disciples after them. Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears”.  Acts 20: 29-31

Sound doctrine is teaching that agrees with the Bible. Here are some more bible verses that emphasize that we should continue or hold fast to the same doctrine of the apostles, which is simply what Jesus taught them:

And they continued stedfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers. Acts 2:42

Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus. 2 Tim. 1:13

Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine; continue in them: for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself, and them that hear thee. 1 Tim. 4:16

For a bishop (G1985=overseer) must be blameless, as the steward of God. . .  holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers. Titus 1:9

Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the Son. If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed: for he that biddeth him God speed is partaker of his evil deeds. 2 John 1:9-11

Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; by which also ye are saved, if ye keep (G2722= hold fast, retained) in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain. For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, 1 Cor. 15

The church should defend sound doctrine::exhort you that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints” (Jude 1:3)

..that we should no longer be children, tossed to and fro and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, in the cunning craftiness of deceitful plotting, but, speaking the truth in love, may grow up in all things into Him who is the head—Christ Ephesians 4:14-16

Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils. speaking lies in hypocrisy1 Tim. 4:1-2

1 Tim 1:9-10; 6:3; 2 Tim.1:13; Titus 1:9; 2:11 Timothy 6:3-5; 1 Tim 4:6; 1 Cor.11:1-2; Galatians 1:6-10, Romans 16:17, 2 Tim.4:3-4, 2 John 1:9, 2 Thess.3:6, 2 Cor. 6,;  Col.2:8, etc.

Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers (G1249 = servants) by whom ye believed, even as the Lord gave to every man?” vs. 5.  – We don’t belong to any men, nor to the ministers or servants  through whom we came to believe in Christ. They brought Jesus gospel to us. They are just laborers through whom we believed, not on whom we believed. No man should glory in men. We belong to Christ alone.  

“I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase. So then neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase. Now he that planteth and he that watereth are one: and every man shall receive his own reward according to his own labour. For we are labourers together with God”. vs 6-9.  

We are one body, a team work. We might think Paul would be more kind to his own “fans/followers”, but instead of letting their praise get to his flesh, Paul denounced fleshy followers and diminished himself & exalts God. That’s what a true man of God would do, point people to God & not to himself.

This is also a lesson for us, the contemporary Church: Christians must always center their loyalty, their love and devotion upon Jesus Christ and His word, not on individuals. No leader is to be the focus of Christian fellowship. How can we call ourselves Christians if we don’t follow Christ or His Word  but rather follow men?  Our advise…let no man glory in men, do not follow men Mark 7:6-7  but the son of God, invite Jesus Christ into your life, accept Him as your Saviour, your Lord, study His Word and follow Him.






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